Chemical plants fire escape methods and points for attention
Fire escape methods in chemical plants
1.Call fire police immediately. If the fire is at initial stage, should organize the fire fighting. Escape via various evacuation channels if necessary.
2.Escape from nearest way. For example, from nearest door or windows. If the door or windows are closed, should break it to escape.
3.Escape from water pipe. If all other escape channels are blocked after fire, you can choose to escape from water pipe outside of building. You can use clothing to make a string to escape.
4.If the fire floor is 2-3, you can throw out sponge cushion or rubbers, then slide down the wall to the sponge cushion.
5.If no way to escape, the trapped people should go to the platform outside and wave the arms to ask for help.
Escape Method for Leakage Accident in Chemical Plant
1.In case of leakage, operators on site should immediately stop operation and quickly evacuate the leak contaminated area. If the leakage is flammable and explosive, personnel should remove the explosives object in the accident area, extinguish the fire and cut off the power supply in time if it is possible. Personnel should lie down in place when explosion occurs before they can evacuate.
2.When evacuating, we should make clear the direction of poisonous gas flow, and evacuate to the windward side. We should not follow the direction of poisonous gas flow.
3.When evacuating, wet towels and masks can be used to cover the mouth and nose to protect the trachea.
4.When large amount of leaks occur, don’t panic, don’t be crowded, listen to the command, especially when there are more people, don’t panic, don’t shout, and evacuate calmly, calmly and orderly.
5.Timely treatment is needed for chemicals injury.
Skin contamination: Contaminated clothing should be removed immediately, washed with a large amount of flowing water, and contaminated hair should be cleaned.
For those who splash chemicals into the eyes, rinse them thoroughly and promptly. The rinsing time should be no less than 10-15 minutes. Do not rinse with hot water.
Inhalation of toxic gases through the respiratory system: should be immediately sent to the fresh air and rest quietly, keep the respiratory tract unobstructed.
Invasion of toxic substances through the digestive system: vomiting should be carried out as soon as possible. If taking corrosive poisons by mistake, the digestive tract can be protected by drinking milk, egg white and vegetable oil orally.
6.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be performed immediately after the patient has been rescued from the poison site but the heartbeat and breathing stop. Rescuers should take precautions against poisoning during artificial respiration. For example, before mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration for hydrogen sulfide poisoners, cotton or handkerchief soaked in salt solution should be used to cover the mouth and nose of the poisoners.