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Makro retail stores deployed Hikvision IP surveillance solution in South Africa

Makro retail stores deployed Hikvision IP surveillance solution in South Africa

Editor / Provider: Hikvison | Updated: 5/29/2014 | Article type: Commercial Markets

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is the largest retailer in the world. In many regions across the globe, the brand Wal-Mart is synonymous with large, discount, and customer savings.

In South Africa, Makro retail stores share this same reputation. This should come as small surprise, since Makro's parent company is Wal-Mart.

Also not surprisingly, Makro stores share a similar business model; a membership-driven, low-cost / low-margin selling philosophy. With this model, Makro is able to focus on the high-volume distribution of merchandise at extremely competitive prices. This even includes "luxury" products, such as computers and tablets. The end result is that Makro has built one of the largest retail customer bases in all of South Africa.

As can be guessed, Makro relies on a similar warehouse distribution model. For example, located within the greater-Johannesburg area are 14 Makro stores. Servicing these Makro stores' stock needs is a centrally-located distribution center. This Makro distribution warehouse is located in a metropolitan suburb of Johannesburg, Midrand, to serve the larger Johannesburg area.

Lourens Wessels of Secure - a South African security installer - explained, "Marko officials wanted a new IP multifold solution that:
* reduces theft, establishes excellent overall security, provides better warehouse management, and a means to monitor workers in sensitive areas; as well as concurrently reducing shrinkage (loss due to employee malfeasance, etc.)."

Bringing It All Together
This is a big task, both literally and figuratively. "This Johannesburg-area Makro distribution warehouse is extremely large," explained Mr. Wessels. "So, we developed a complete Hikvision IP solution that makes use of PTZ, bullet, vandalproof domes, speed domes, and cameras with great zoom functionality ... and all on a fiber-optical network that is operated in a centralized control room with Hikvision NVRs."

Each of these Hikvision products was specially-chosen for a purpose. An example of this ethos is the DS-2CD754FWD-E(I)(Z) 3MP WDR & Vandalproof Network Dome Camera, and its ability to monitor merchandise coming and going at the loading and distribution docks.

For the DS-2CD754FWD-E(I)(Z), it is a combination of features that provides this functionality. Since this model is used to positively identify specific merchandise, resolution and focus are paramount. Not only does this have a theft-prevention aspect, it also greatly enhances Makro's ability to maintain accurate product inventory. Thus, the DS-2CD754FWD-E(I)(Z)'s up-to 3 megapixel resolution and motorized VF lens are very important for its success.

Additionally, since this area opens up to the outdoors, "Lighting conditions are very difficult ... it's dark inside, and when these large doors open, bright sunlight pours in. We nera that can compensate for this effect," said Mr. Wessels. The DS-2CD754FWD-E(I)(Z)'s 120dB wide dynamic range answered the call, as did its vandal proofing.

Interestingly, this vandal proofing is beneficial for potential accidental occurrences, rather than deliberate ones. In this area, there are a stream of forklifts carrying large pallets from one location to another, so the possibility that one of these may accidently bump into a camera is high. Hence, this vandal proofing protects these cameras from potential damage.

Strategic Points and Strategic Uses
Manning strategic locations in the warehouse is Hikvision's DS-2DF7284 Series 2MP IR Network Speed Dome.

The DS-2DF7284 monitors general loading and distributing areas and the tall racks of merchandise pallets. This model's 20x optical zoom is able to "read serial numbers on moving merchandise pallets for better logistical efficiency," and its IP66 rating "helps because distribution centers have a tendency to be very dusty with extreme temperature conditions due to the frequent opening of large doors," noted Mr. Wessels.

Placed outdoors to take advantage of its up-to 30m IR range and 2 megapixel resolution is the DS-2CD8253F-EI(Z) 2MP IR Bullet Network Camera. Add in its motorized VF lens and the sum of these features make it an ideal perimeter security camera. Additionally, if there are any power failures, Secure has placed a UPS at every field switch to ensure outdoor security is never compromised.

In the Control Room
Connecting these cameras to the IP system is Hikvision's DS-9632NI-ST Embedded NVR. Mr. Wessels explained, this model's 8 SATA interfaces perfectly fit one of the key NVR requirements - massive storage capacity. Furthermore, the up-to 5 Megapixel (2560x1920) of recording resolution guarantees that these images will be sharp and clear, regardless of when they are accessed.

Placed in the central control room, as is the DS-1100KI Network Keyboard, is Hikvision's iVMS-4200 Software. This software provides security personnel the ability to view 62 separate channels on each of their 2 "quad-view" work stations - and a simultaneous view of the overall facility. In sum, this entire solution has already brought efficiency and logistical benefit to this distribution facility. "This solution really is a value-add for Makro. As well as improving security, we have already greatly lessened shrinkage, which was always one of Makro's primary goals," summed up Mr. Wessels.

Spot the fishy incidents — 11 perspectives from the industry

Spot the fishy incidents — 11 perspectives from the industry

Editor / Provider: Erica Lin & Michelle Chu | Updated: 5/30/2014 | Article type: Hot Topics

Panoramic fisheye cameras have seen fast growth in the surveillance industry. With the key feature in surround view monitoring and the advantage in reduction of installation cost, they are becoming the popular adoption in security system. With a promising market ahead, differentiation of product and market strategy from competitors is the way for major manufacturers to think when planning next moves. here presented 11 worldwide providers from the security industry – 3S PocketNet Technology, AMG System, Axis Communications, Dahua Technology, EverFocus Electronics, Hikvision Digital Technology, Merit LILIN, Panasonic System Networks, SamsungTechwin, Sony, and VIVOTEK – sharing their experiences and observations of the market with all readers.

3S PocketNet Technology|Taiwan 
With fisheye camera, user can deploy fewer cameras, less cabling, less HDD storage, but remain a 360-degree monitoring without blind spot; however, it is worth noting that fisheye camera is not suitable for monitoring area from a long distance due to the limited length of fisheye lens, stated Kevin Cheng, Director of APAC at 3S Pocketnet Technology. 
“We expect the price of fisheye cameras can decrease to the level of dome camera – the user will then have options to choose from different features such as fixed lens fisheye dome and vari-focal dome,” Cheng concluded.


Fisheye cameras, compared to other types of cameras, offer a number of key advantages — monitoring of surround view without blind spot and reduction of installation cost and work — whilst still keeping high-resolution recording quality, David J. Myers, Technical Director of AMG, highlighted. AMG have noted that 360-degree fisheye cameras are becoming the mainstream when analog CCTV is gradually replaced by IP CCTV systems. 
“We are not sure that there is one particular market deploying the most 360 degree cameras. In the USA, the retail market is strong. And transportation is a natural market for wide-angle camera when one single camera can cover whole view of a bus, or a train carriage,” Myers said. “Banks, schools, colleges, museums, and public buildings are also the target market of 360-degree cameras. So are car parks and outdoor perimeters.”


“According to IHS Research, sales of network video start to overtake analog in 2014 due to the powerful functions of advanced video processing and analytics. This is especially true in the retailer sector, as 360-degree cameras allow for an overview of all activities in a given area while being affordable for users having to work with tight-budgets in for example the retail and education sectors,” said Petra Bennermark, Product Manager at Axis Communications. 
“In a study by Axis Communications, more than half (58%) of UK retailers are planning to migrate from analog to network video in order to integrate network cameras with business intelligence (BI) applications. BI application integration was considered the most significant reason for UK retailers to move to network video.”


Fisheye cameras are mostly deployed for indoor surveillance, getting more and more popular in public buildings, pointed out by Peter Pan, Product Manager from Dahua. Seen as the economic choice for security system deployment, one single fisheye camera can achieve wider coverage of monitoring than other non-panoramic camera.
This is even true to public units, hotels, and schools. They often have budget concerns; theses users are not too demanding in security image details while their purpose of surveillance system is mainly for prevention, Pan suggested. 
“At present, many surveillance camera manufacturers have proposed new thoughts of design,” he continued. Currently, end users start to use 360-degree cameras and PTZ speed domes altogether, featuring both wide-coverage and detailed monitoring views. The 360-degree cameras are going to become an essential solution in surveillance systems, according to Pan. 
“Although fisheye cameras are expecting fast growth in the near future, the 360-degree cameras won't become the majority in surveillance camera market due to their own pitfalls such as low pixel counts at the edge of images, and image distortion,” explained Pan.
However, as Pan mentioned, the technical improvement related to these pitfalls has been essential to manufacturers in the industry. Meanwhile, some manufacturers have started enhancing camera capacities in IR support for advanced day/night monitoring.


EverFocus Electronics|Taiwan
Douglass Wang, Deputy Project Manager of EverFocus Electronics, emphasized the importance of fisheye and speed dome cameras' synergy, combining advantages from both types of cameras, and adding value for wide-area surveillance without compromising the optimal image quality. “The end users can finely utilize pan, tilt, and zoom functions on speed dome to keep tracking region of interest, while monitoring the entire area through 360-degree camera view, more importantly, without any blind spot,” Wang said.
As panoramic camera is favored to be applied with speed dome in areas such as airport, warehouse, public space, and parking lot, end users might hesitate due to complicated cameras configurations. “EverFocus provides end users a 4-steps image calibration which dramatically reduces configuration time,” Wang highlighted.


Hikvision Digital Technology |China
“Normally, SMB users may tend to use entry-level fixed cameras instead of panoramic cameras, since the latter are mainly targeted for middle-to high-end project use, and price are relatively higher. Therefore, Hikvision plans to introduce economical mini panoramic cameras to penetrate into SMB market in the middle of this year,” said Adler Wu, Product Marketing Manager of Hikvision Digital Technology.
“And for Hikvision, we forecast to increase at an annual growth rate of 60%-70% [before 2017], according to our company strategy, product planning and the market development. Panoramic camera would develop in two different ways in the future, one for SMB adoption and the other for high-end application. With more and more manufacturers joining in the competition, the price of panoramic camera may decrease to a level, allowing the cameras to enter SMB market; for high-end use, due to the wide coverage of panoramic camera, more images/ scenes could be achieved compared to common IP camera. Therefore, how to well make use of this advantage could be a breakthrough to eventually benefit the end users.”
“Considering lots of manufacturers have introduced their panoramic cameras, it becomes very important for us to provide innovative products to differ from the others at this stage.”


Merit LILIN|Taiwan
“Fisheye cameras are all about seeing everything in a scene more efficiently than with multiple cameras; therefore, providing security managers the ability to cover an entire scene in a logical way without gaps of coverage is prominent,” according to Chris Hsu, Global Marketing Manager at LILIN. “LILIN panoramic IP camera is an ideal choice for open-ended lobby areas such as entrances, exits, and lobbies.”
“The current leading technology trend in global market is ‘less is more'. We expect cameras can cover a range of area such as 360-degree fisheye camera is an ideal all-in-one product will definitely continue to shine in the following years.”


It is forecast that a growth of more than 50% will be seen in the panoramic camera market – more than current security market trend expectation – as higher image resolution will expand the deployment and acceptance of fisheye camera in more vertical markets, commented Akihito Akiyama, product planning manager at Panasonic.
According to Mr. Akiyama, Panasonic has strengthened its 360-degree cameras by continuingly progressing at technology development, including dewarp, super dynamic function, and vandal resistance. With the solid technical base, the 360-degree cameras are capable for high-resolution image quality with even edges, stable performance under various lighting environments, and last but not least, durability.


Samsung Techwin|Korea 
“360-degree cameras are increasingly being specified for projects where there is a requirement to monitor activity 24/7 in environments such as banks, offices, retail, transportation and warehouses. The advantage they offer is that a single 360-degree observational camera is all that might be needed to efficiently and cost effectively covers a whole area where a much larger number of standard cameras might normally be required, to avoid any blind spots,” suggested Tim Biddulph, Product Manager of Samsung Techwin Europe.
Samsung Techwin's 360 degree camera is part of the company's extensive range of IP network cameras. Tim Biddulph emphasizes the importance of fully understanding clients' needs first, before endeavoring to persuade them to migrate to 360-degree or other products and technologies.


“With its multiple security benefits and associated cost savings for end users, it is easy to understand why the 360-degree security camera has been highlighted by IHS as one of the key drivers for the video surveillance camera market in 2014 – which is slated for double-digit growth this year. Sony also recognizes the importance of these cameras in addressing the ever changing security environments of the modern world, and will continue to advance in the 360-degree security camera market with our end users,” said Riki Nishimura, General Manager of Visual Security Solutions, Professional Solutions Company (PSAP) at Sony Electronics Asia Pacific.


“The 360-degree cameras can be especially ideal for intercom or retail applications. Retail stores especially demand for a cost-effective and comprehensive surveillance system, which dissuades shoplifting and pickpocketing,” said Steve Ma, Executive Vice President of VIVOTEK. “With several unique features and wide surveillance coverage that can be delivered by the 360-degree fisheye camera under complicated environment, retail stores tend to deploy 360-degree fisheye camera the most.”
“The deployment of 360-degree fisheye cameras could be financially and technically beneficial. It is worth to note that just one 360-degree fisheye camera can deliver the same coverage as 6 to7 cameras that have been used in the stores. With the installation of panoramic models, the total number of cameras needed by the clients can be significantly reduced,” explained Ma.
VIVOTEK has made our fisheye camera as a pro-active smart sensor through our superior algorithms, making fisheye cameras performing intelligently, like people counting, field detection, trip wire, according to Ma. “With the technology evolvement and rising awareness of cost-effective solutions, the prevalent adoption of 360-degree fisheye camera for wide open area surveillance in the following years is foreseen. In addition, a 360-degree fisheye camera with intelligent capacity is undoubtedly to be a trend.”

Asia, a sourcing hub for smart home cameras

Asia, a sourcing hub for smart home cameras

Editor / Provider: Weili Lin, a&s SMAhome | Updated: 5/29/2014 | Article type: Hot Topics

Asia is the largest manufacturing base of home security cameras and surveillance kits, with hundreds of competing suppliers. For these suppliers, the major export markets for smart home security cameras and surveillance kits are areas with well-developed network infrastructures, such as Europe and the U.S.

Asian suppliers at the SMAhome International Conference & Exhibition 2014 (powered by Secutech) are primarily traditional surveillance, telecommunication and multimedia companies. For them, it is a new business opportunities. However, it is a whole new market, with different priorities and demands. Therefore, no player in each industry has an extreme advantage. The smart home market is new for the surveillance industry in terms of applications and user experiences. From the interviews, no killer application is mentioned so far. Not all surveillance companies are enthusiastic about this market. Nevertheless, some companies plan to enter the smart home market with DIY offerings and a new brand for their smart home product lineup.

Home security cameras require network connectivity and easy-to-use software in addition to reliable hardware. The telecommunications-based companies like Sercomm, Zinwell and Senao Networks boast their strong cloud services or high Quality of Service (QoS) for networks. As for the companies who are experts in audio and video processing, like DXG, Compro and PiXORD, they aim for high-quality images through IC, digital image processing and optical designs as their core competencies. Those companies are strong competitors to traditional surveillance companies in the smart home market. As for brand-centric companies, foreign companies like Bosch, Axis and ADT may be their greatest competitors.

We explore export markets, business models, sales channels, and major applications along with major product features we've seen at SMAhome 2014.

North America is still the largest export market for Asian manufacturers, followed by Europe. Market acceptance, mature network infrastructure and consumer affordability are three major factors to boost the market. For some interviewees, more than 50% of sales revenue is contributed by the US market. In the U.S., the DIY market is booming. Alan Chang, Vice President of International Sales & Marketing Dept of DXG, whose major export markets include Europe and North America, thinks that the ubiquity of smartphones and proliferation of 4G network are two driving forces of the market.

William Ku, Vice President of International Business Div. of Vivotek mentioned that TV and door are two key areas for the smart home market.

Russia, Brazil and Southeast Asia are viewed as 3 export markets with a lot of potential. Emerging countries are considered to be the next promising areas. Russia and Brazil are said to be 2 fast-growing regions over the next 2 to 3 years. The improved network infrastructure, strong buying power, and conversion from analog signals to digital are 3 major factors. "Russia is a potential market due to its high consumption capability," said Bruce Wang, Marketing Manager of Compro.

China is another promising area, but will likely see less growth compared to the above-mentioned regions, some exhibitors said. In China, India and the Middle East, home security still caters to the high-end market. As for India, wealth inequality and low profit from channels can be 2 reasons that make foreign suppliers reluctant to enter the market.

Asian manufacturers' security cameras are distributed under their own names or customers'. OEM, ODM and private label businesses are major types for manufacturers of electronics products. For home security cameras and surveillance kits, OEM and ODM are 2 major business types. A few companies emphasize on own-brand business. For example, 3S PocketNet emphasizes its own-brand business, selling its network cameras and bundled software to end users and SIs. With strong design and manufacturing capabilities, Asian suppliers work with SIs and distributors via private label business for global project cases. Of course, there are also companies that offer only OEM and ODM services, like Sercomm and Zinwell.

To stay competitive, some Asian suppliers strengthen their vertical integration capability via in-house design capability or upstream subsidiaries. For instance, Vatics, a spin-off from the SoC solutions department of Vivotek, offers SoC for network cameras. PiXORD, a subsidiary of ELAN Microelectronics, prides itself on image processing from the side of IC design.

Due to geographical differences and consumer behaviors, own-brand products are distributed via distributors or companies' local branch offices. Some companies of professional surveillance products offer smart home products under new brands—for example, Hikvision thinks this is a better approach because it sees the smart home market as a new market, rather than an extension of traditional surveillance. The company released smart home related products and solutions under its EZVIZ brand so that consumers can differentiate its smart home business from its professional surveillance segment.

When it comes to product distribution, online and retail stores are 2 major sales channels of branded products for the DIY market, especially in North America and Europe. For DIY users, online stores are important channels due to the convenience of direct ordering. In the U.S., there is a large market of DIY consumers who prefer to shop online or at retail stores.

Distributors are important to enter the European market. Own-brand products from Asian manufacturers are mostly sold to European online shops and retailers through distributors. The distributors are also important for Asian makers to enter the South American market. Dylan Tseng, Senior Sales Manager of Sales Center Business Unit of Pixord stated that the company entered the Brazil market through partnerships with local distributors.

As for manufacturers, home security cameras are distributed all over the world primarily by branded companies, SIs, telcos and distributors. Most of the manufacturers rely on SIs, value-added resellers (VAR), dealers and distributors to distribute products overseas. Allan Chien, Associate Vice President of Branding Business Dept of Senao Networks said VARs could be major partners.

Telcos like AT&T, SFR, Qivicon and Verizon offer home monitoring and control, as well as home security and automation services. Offering home surveillance services with free or rented network cameras is one of the approaches for telcos to spur market growth. Apart from European and US telcos, there are also opportunities in emerging markets like Southeast Asia and South America. Southeast Asia is one of Zavio's major export markets. Shauchau You, Vice President of Zavio indicated that it is common for manufacturers to sell home cameras or solutions to telcos in Southeast Asia through local SIs and distributors.

To approach telcos, most Asian manufactures work with SIs, distributors or branded companies by private-label business for telco projects. They take the same approach as they do with alarm monitoring and security service providers. Only a few large-sized companies like Sercomm or those whose specialty is in telephony or set-top boxes, like Zinwell, can approach the telcos directly by offering value-added services like free small cell or provision of total solutions. Almost all of their products are sold through OEM and ODM projects.

The smart home market comprises home security, automation and energy management. For suppliers at the show, the home security market is their main battlefield, generating the most profit. Home automation is a space they are targeting next, although they position these products and services for the high-end market.

Network cameras are major contributors to the home security market, in terms of sales revenue. The products can also be used for small offices and retail stores. Ben Huang, Digital Product Marketing Specialist of Product Dept of Zinwell Corporation indicated that the home security camera is the first product line to target for entering the smart home market.

Interviews conducted at the show reveal that Chinese companies tend to offer surveillance kits that consist of cameras and 4-channel NVRs or home NAS for the home security market. Moreover, the consumer-centric smart home market forces manufacturers to focus on user-friendly software and user application to make their products more appealing in a highly competitive market.

Home automation is the next focus for Asian makers after security. Bruce Wang of Compro said that home automation is a value-added feature for home security cameras. Compro offers a cloud camera based on ZigBee technology, featuring power saving features and a long life cycle. So far, home automation solutions are considered as the high-end segment of the smart home market. Most Asian network camera manufacturers enter the market by providing video door phone cameras, peephole cameras or indoor cameras with motion detection. Products like Brinno's PHV MAC feature easy DIY and senior-friendly setup. Video surveillance, video recording and DIY alarm monitoring are common features. They co-work with leading companies like Control4 to enter the market.

The other way to enter the market is to release network cameras with simple home control functions. The providers are required to have design capability in software integration and wireless networks. Take Compro for example, its cameras are bundled with C4Home software to enable home automation by remotely controlling home appliances with the built-in IR remote control.

Energy management is becoming more important, too, especially in Europe. Only a few companies offer simple functions like indoor temperature alarm and control through PIR or temperature sensor. For instance, StarVedia released its Temperature Alarm System (TAS), which offers intelligent surveillance for homes and stores. Users can ask the babysitter to turn off the air conditioner through the built-in speaker and infrared thermometer of its network cameras. We can expect more and more new network cameras that support simple energy management functions like temperature control as value-added features.

Smart home product features are simple, useful and affordable. For home users, user-friendly software and experience are two decisive factors before making a purchase. Home security cameras, mostly referring to those network cameras, are ranked as entry-level products, in terms of hardware specs. Makers don't emphasize on advancements in technology, but on practical and fascinating user experiences.

Cloud services are a selling point when talking about storage among Asian makers. At present, both local and cloud storage media are available. SD memory cards can be one major adoption for alarm-triggered recordings. Some choose 2CH or 4CH NVRs as the recording bank, although a home NAS may be a more affordable alternative. Cloud storage saves costs for the user, with many manufacturers offering free-of-charge storage. However, privacy can be an important issue to notice when it comes to any free service. Therefore, they offer secured personal cloud storage, including free space at Amazon server, Dropbox and Google Drive for privacy. Traditional surveillance companies prefer to promote surveillance kits with local storage solution; new entrants like telecommunications-based companies tend to promote cloud storage solutions.

Of course, any home device requires a trendy exterior, and home security cameras are no exception. Sleek design and compact size are 2 distinguishing features for the home use models among network cameras. Regarding form factor, cube models are currently the mainstream. This year, suppliers promoted models that support PTZ functionality, along with mini dome and bullet models for outdoor use. Models with fish-eye lenses are also promoted.

Moreover, Asian manufacturers promote new value-added features, such as waterproof (IP66) and ROI (region of interest). ROI offers bandwidth and storage optimization through targeted image capturing of specific important areas for preview and recording.

H.264 is the mainstream video streaming format. Models supporting H.265, which was approved by ITU in 2013, can be seen as early as late 2014.

Hikvision Smart IP camera range integrated with Milestone's XProtect VMS

Hikvision Smart IP camera range integrated with Milestone's XProtect VMS

Editor / Provider: Hikvision | Updated: 5/27/2014 | Article type: Security 50

Hikvision announces the full integration of its SMART IP camera range with XProtect VMS (Video Management Software) from Milestone Systems with the release of XProtect Device Pack 7.3.

Head of Manufacturer Alliance Program at Milestone Systems, Henrik Sydbo Hansen, says, “We are very pleased about the new possibilities for Milestone Channel Partners and customers brought to them by this announcement. The Milestone ecosystem of partners now gains full advantage from the new integration between Hikvision's cameras and Milestone's award-winning Open Platform Video Management Software.”

Hikvision SMART IP cameras deliver crystal-clear images under the most challenging of environmental conditions and incorporate Smart Imaging 3D DNR, digital WDR, auto-switching ICR and electronic image stabilization together with three simultaneous video streams and up to 20 concurrent live-view channels. The advanced encoding algorithm of the new Smart Codec enhances image quality by up to 30% at very low bitrates to minimize bandwidth and storage requirements while Smart Detection delivers unparalleled recognition capability.

Keen Yao, International Marketing Director at Hikvision, comments, “We are delighted with Milestone's decision to be the first VMS manufacturer to integrate the SMART IP feature set. As the global provider in open platform IP video management software, we are proud that they have chosen to initiate their support for smart camera features with Hikvision's SMART IP range. It sets up a win-win situation for both companies; Smart is the latest trend and we believe this integration will facilitate a revolution in the security market.”

Taiwan Dream Mall deploys QNAP NVR solutions

Taiwan Dream Mall deploys QNAP NVR solutions

Editor / Provider: Sponsored by QNAP | Updated: 5/26/2014 | Article type: Commercial Markets

Dream Mall as the largest multi-functional shopping center  in one of Taiwan's major city, Kaohsiung. ll is also one of the top large-scale shopping centers in Asia. With over 2,000 stores and restaurants, a movie theater, and an amazing roof-top amusement park, the mall occupies an area of 50,000 square meters with a total floor area of almost 400,000 square meters, including a parking lot with 3,000 parking spaces.

Attracting tens of thousands of customers to the mall every day, Dream Mall management desired a large-scale surveillance system to fulfill purposes of crime prevention, enhancing of customer safety as well as monitoring and recording of the activities in the mall. The primary challenge comes to the need of deploying a security system capable of commanding hundreds of security cameras simultaneously in and around the shopping center. To reach such scale of security system, the total cost of traditional CCTV surveillance systems would be too high as the total length of coaxial cables required is about the equivalent of 87 San Francisco Golden Gate bridges. Besides, these CCTV systems can't offer video image quality as required.The secondary challenge is that the security system has to be highly flexible and expandable, allowing addition of new cameras and recorders.

After thorough evaluation, Dream Mall selected QNAP NVR (Network Video Recorder) solutions for its security system deployment. Multiple QNAP NVR servers are set up and attached to the network to command 600 Panasonic IP and analog cameras with megapixel resolution and VGA resolution. The NVR demonstrates excellent compatibility and allows new models to be integrated to the security system with simple network connection, saving hassles of physical wiring and setup.

QNAP NVR servers offer Full-D1 resolution, which is similar to DVD video quality for clear image monitoring and recording. Surveillance videos are recorded to the internal hard disks of the NVR units offering mass storage capacity with secure RAID disk volume protection. The recorded video can also be exported to external storage devices or remote storage such as QNAP NAS or FTP servers for review by law enforcement or for redundant backup.

QNAP NVR provides advanced features such as moving objects detection in the monitored areas, network disconnection alert, and smart E-map to help the security personnel locate any abnormal activities within the Dream Mall. The security system is integrated with various alarm devices such as fire alarms and emergency call buttons to protect the safety of the employees, customers, and the properties.

Customer Feedback
QNAP NVR solutions have made high quality and cost-efficient monitoring in a large-scale shopping mall possible. The NVR can be easily integrated with numerous IP cameras and alarm devices. We expected to increase the number of IP cameras to 2,000 in the coming few years.

QNAP NVR is easy to maintain; it helps reduce the overall system setup and maintenance costs. The videos can be monitored on the network remotely and even on mobile devices by their mobile viewing app, which largely enhances the surveillance efficiency.

QNAP Security, as one of the well-known Linux-embedded NVR developers, has implemented its award winning storage and RAID technologies to offer its most innovative local display standalone NVR. The system not only ensures remarkable stability on remote monitoring, recording, and surveillance tasks under diverse environments but also renders great simplicity. In addition, the QNAP solution allows users to choose suitable network cameras for various situations instead of being restricted to the resolution of traditional CCTV. To always be one step ahead, QNAP professional NVR team remains creative and committed to the integrity of their software and hardware. Furthermore, its great user experiences on wide range of supported devices and successful installations worldwide are more than enough to prove QNAP Security's viability internationally.


Casinos looking for extra values from network video surveillance

Casinos looking for extra values from network video surveillance

Editor / Provider: Michelle Chu, a&s International | Updated: 5/26/2014 | Article type: Hot Topics

The mindset of casino operators toward new technologies is generally more conservative, compared to other market sectors. Casinos are reluctant to risk adopting new surveillance technology until its reliability is proven, due to the costs involved in shutting down VIP tables or alienatingwealthy players during retrofiting. “Almost all are migrating to hybrid or pure IP. New ‘greenfield' installs might be pure IP but most are expansions or retrofits, and those favor hybrids,” explained Mike Scirica, President of WavestoreUSA.

“Casinos are more likely to make new investments at high budgetary figures; however, slow to update existing systems — they generally try and maximize their investment over long periods of time and update as necessary. Casinos look for systems that can be upgraded and modernized over time rather than invest in a system that will become insufficient for their security requirements and have to be replaced [if this information is known at the time of purchase],” according to Kim Loy, VP of Global Marketing and Chief Product Officer, DVTel. But, just like other sectors, none of the casino operators want to fall behind either, even though the latest security technology is very expensive.

“It is easier to promote IP-based surveillance in Western and Northern Europe, as these are two of the markets that started to go for IP-based products in the very beginning. They want to be able to record high resolution pictures, and easily distinguish the color of the chips; therefore, they are very willing to adopt new technology such as 60fps, etc. in their casinos,” explained Tom Li, Technical Support Manager of Europe at Hikvision Digital Technology.

It does not matter if it is a retrofit project looking for upgrades and migration to IP-based, or a newly-built casino considering adopting full-IP surveillance, all the casinos' operators want to make sure that other than high-resolution images, the investment in network video surveillance can bring them extra values. As a matter of fact, there are some new security technologies, such as video analytics and video-centric integrated systems that are about to be used by some current casinos, along with the adoption of network video surveillance.

Since high-resolution pictures are widely available now, casino operators have the option to adopt analytics software into their surveillance systems. “This could involve using license plate recognition to flag when high rollers have arrived at the casino, or point-of-sales analytics to monitor employees and card-monitoring technology to manage tables, dealers, and gamblers, which could greatly reinforce casinos' ability to manage the business,” suggested Joshua Phillips, Director of Marketing of Enterprise and Critical Infrastructure of Video Intelligence Solutions at Verint Systems. Similar to license plate recognition, analytics can be used to identify card values and suits with a high degree of accuracy, John Katnic, VP of Global Gaming at Synectics commented.

“A casino operator could use video todetermine pedestrian traffic patterns to see if a particular bank of slot machines were getting played or if there was any pedestrian traffic actually stopping to look at the machines and then move on,” said Scott A. Bartlett, CEO of Southwest Surveillance Systems. “In a customer service role, the operator could use video to detect lines for a cage to ensure the line did not get too long, once the line reached a certain number of patrons, it could trigger an alarm and alert the cage manager to add another cashier.”

Operators in the casino industry are often looking for an efficient way to single out flagged recordings from hundreds or thousands of cameras, because certain kinds of crimes cannot be spotted by human eyes, but can through data analysis.

In fact, there are numerous systems generating data in casinos constantly. If all that data could be integrated with video, it would be much more efficient to spot suspicious events. For example, with all the time attendance, access control, and gaming data available, the operators can set up the systems to send out an alert and trigger nearby video monitors if someone tries to swipe their cards three times in-a-row unsuccessfully.

“Today's surveillance operators want ways to bring enterprise-wide alarm, transactional and video data together, filter out benign activity and then quickly drill into suspicious activities that matter or indicate a true threat,” Katnic stated. “When access control, player, slot-to-time clock data, for example, are directly linked to video in one fully integrated system, operators can observe, analyze, and react more efficiently and appropriately. That saves, time, money, and even lives.”

“Gallagher Security has been working closely with a number of casinos in Macau utilizing the Gallagher central management platform. This platform enables customers to interface and integrate a number of different systems and applications including digital video surveillance. The developments in control centers have become very important to reduce risks and manage information with effective process mechanisms and appropriate training in place. The scale and flexibility of the access control and alarms event management with digital video surveillance enables staff to keep areas secure, monitor key areas, and respond quickly to potential or actual incidents,” according to Peter Francis, Regional Manager for Asia and Middle East in Gallagher Security.

Although the casino industry is one of the vertical markets that is more hesitant on migrating to full-IP surveillance systems, they have come to realize that IP-based products can offer numerous added-value functions, making management more efficient. This should help the security industry see a robust increase in network surveillance systems adoption in the casino industry in the coming years.


# What they say about surveillance market in casino industry #

How IP Storage Benefits Casinos
“Casinos undertake high volume financial activities that are similar to financial organizations, but in an entertainment context. A lot of criminal interests such as money laundering and cheating are aroused and casinos need to protect themselves from the vulnerabilities and they are more willing to adopt new technologies such as casino chips, casino cheques, currency exchange, employee complicity, high-end surveillance systems, etc. IP SAN best fits into video surveillance application for the perfect balance among cost, manageability, and performance. Due to the increasing need for longer retention time and higher resolutions for video recordings, it's becoming crucial to provide high performance IP SAN with scale-up capacity,” mentioned Daniel Lin, Sales Director of Qsan Technology.

Network Video Surveillance Keeps Improving Latency Time
“In the gaming world the ability to view live video and effectively trace a suspect through a property is a vital product feature set – gaming is primarily about surveillance, rather than security application,” explained Jason Oakley, CEO of North American Video. “It is worth noting that many of the leading technology providers have invested heavily to find a solution that reduces latency time with IP PTZ's. Some manufacturers claim that their latency rate is less than 100 milliseconds, which is noticeable to the untrained eye, this can reduce the demand for analog PTZ's in certain applications.”

 Panoramic and 360-Degree Technologies
“Casinos are looking for more panoramic and 360-degree technologies. Because they can cover more area more efficiently with less staff. Now casinos on the forefront of technology have mixed megapixel panoramic technology and PTZ cameras with instant access to recorded video that cut down on review times and time spent figuring out how someone went from a known location to an unknown location,” said Mitch Fagundes, Director of Global Business Development at Arecont Vision.

Asia Pacific gaming market to capitalize on global surveillance expertise

Asia Pacific gaming market to capitalize on global surveillance expertise

Editor / Provider: Synectics | Updated: 5/23/2014 | Article type: Security 50

By 2015, nearly 45 percent of global spending on casino gaming will take place in the Asia Pacific region. With this amplifying shift in worldwide gaming dominance, surveillance integration and resiliency trends from across the globe will be embraced and pushed to new levels.

According to global surveillance solution provider, Synectics, this prediction is fast becoming a reality.

In addition to ongoing expansion of major gaming facilities in Singapore and regional cruise ship lines, Synectics has also begun surveillance system retrofit work for Solaire Casino in the Philippines. With several other high-profile casino projects in the pipeline, Synectics is in a unique position to identify and drive security technology trends.

John Katnic, Vice President of Global Gaming at Synectics, said: “IP-based solutions that integrate video - increasingly from HD cameras - with third-party transactions and alarm data, within a single command and control environment, is where the market is heading. What is most exciting, however, is how fast that transition is happening, how the market is capitalizing on global best practices and working alongside agile systems providers to develop customized solutions for their unique needs.”

According to Synectics, these trends reflect the need to distinguish and interpret meaningful information from the vast amount of data generated by casinos of unprecedented size and scale across the region.

John commented: “Intelligent integration is among the most common requests from our customers – integrations that enable visual data to be paired with detailed data analysis of transactional information, security systems, gaming systems, and other alarm systems.

“We are also increasingly working with clients to integrate video with customer-specific systems such as DRS and Genesis Gaming Solutions, particularly in Singapore, Manila and Macau.”

Synectics will exhibit at The International Association of Casino Security (IACS) conference May 27 – 29, 2014 at Marina Bay Sands in Singapore where delegates can learn about security and surveillance integration during demonstrations of Synectics' intuitive Synergy 3 command and control system, which enables video, alarms and data to be viewed, recorded and analyzed… all within a single, user-friendly interface.

Visitors will also have the opportunity to participate in live tours of Marina Bay Sands' own surveillance solution, which incorporates world-class gaming technologies.

At IACS, Synectics also anticipates strong interest in scalable data storage solutions and enterprise class system resiliency. The Asia Pacific region has some of the world's strictest gaming standards and regulations, and casinos in expanding territories are likely to see regulatory compliance become even more challenging.

John explained, “Helping operators achieve regulatory compliance is an area we know and understand having installed over 75 casino surveillance systems globally.

“In Ontario Canada, for example, where Synectics is installed in over two dozen Ontario Lottery & Gaming Corporation (OLG) regulated facilities, including Caesars Casino Windsor, any loss of video can result in a government mandated shut-down. This can cost operators hundreds of thousands of dollars/day, which is why reliable failover protection is so crucial – it's why OLG continue to use our systems after eight years of partnership.

“Asia has the most stringent regulators and highest traffic gaming facilities in the world. That's why the APAC market demands leading edge data replication and hardware failover technologies, such as Synectics' ‘backfilling', whereby encoders and IP cameras record to local solid state storage and, in the event of network failure, seamlessly copy missing video from the edge device onto the primary storage server when the network recovers. This ensures no data loss and eliminates any single point of failure.”

In addition to demonstrating Synergy 3, Synectics will be showcasing its new X-Series cameras which use Xarina technology to capture twice as many frames per second with enhanced wide dynamic range for unparalleled clarity and picture quality, even in poor or variable light conditions.

Details make the difference: 4K ultra HD resolution

Details make the difference: 4K ultra HD resolution

Editor / Provider: Bosch | Updated: 5/22/2014 | Article type: Security 50

Delivering ultra high definition (UHD) images in controlled settings is simple, yet the typical surveillance application is challenged by moving objects, variable lighting conditions and bandwidth limitations for transmitting video. Bosch makes 4K ultra HD imaging relevant to the security market with the introduction of its first ultra HD camera, which delivers clear images even when motion and challenging lighting pervade the scene, and keeps bit rates, and therefore storage requirements, to a minimum.

This next-generation imaging technology meets the ever-increasing demands for higher resolutions to enhance safety and security through better identification during live viewing and in retrospective analysis. At four times the resolution of full HD (1080p), 4K ultra HD provides a tremendous advantage in detail capture with crisp, vivid images even when zoomed in digitally. 4K ultra HD is perfect for tracking people, capturing facial characteristics and numbers, and for large area surveillance.

The DINION IP ultra 8000 MP delivers 3,840 horizontal and 2,160 vertical pixels at up to 30 frames per second for smooth motion — the highest performance available in the industry today.

Highest quality IP video at the lowest cost
High sensitivity enables the camera to work with a minimum of ambient light. This combined with unique Content Based Imaging Technology (CBIT) for crisp images in all lighting conditions. Both dark and bright spots in the same scene are managed by intelligent Auto Exposure (iAE), which improves the contrast of important objects for optimal identification regardless of light intensity.

Ultra HD resolution is delivered with the lowest bit rates and storage costs. The camera uses intelligent Dynamic Noise Reduction (iDNR) to analyze the contents of a scene and reduce noise artifacts accordingly. It reduces bit rates when no motion is present and increases bit rates to capture maximum detail when an important object is detected. Low-noise images and efficient compression provide clear video while reducing bit rate and hence storage requirements by up to 50%.

Increased awareness
Focus attention on a particular area without losing the broader overview for easy management of video information. Regions of interest allow zooming in on certain details of the full image. Close-up images (regions of interest) are transmitted in a separate, stream so both overview and detail can be viewed at the same time.

Maximum flexibility
The DINION IP ultra 8000 MP will be integrated in several third-party video management software platforms. This is backed by both our ONVIF conformity as well as our Integration Partner Program. And, even if ultra HD streaming is not yet supported by your video management software, the video streams of the new DINION IP ultra 8000 MP can be easily tailored to the resolution supported.

Hardware takes a backseat to software

Hardware takes a backseat to software

Editor / Provider: Gary Tang, a&s SMAhome | Updated: 5/22/2014 | Article type: Hot Topics

The ultimate appeal of a smart home is the anticipation that one day we will have systems in our homes that have the intelligence to understand and predict our behavior, and adjust the environment to the users preferences, which it learns autonomously. This level of automation is currently impossible to do mechanically, making software the only viable option. Moreover, the days have long gone where a user has to fiddle with dozens of buttons to operate a system—in its place, we now have touch screens and tablets with adaptive and programmable user interfaces.

In 1982, Alan Kay, a computer pioneer, said in a talk: “People who are really serious about software should make their own hardware.” Some companies have found huge success in this approach, such as Apple. Microsoft is also moving in this direction with its Surface tablets and its acquisition of Nokia's mobile phone division.

However, it is easier said than done. “Hardware can mean so many things—processor, board, system plus accessories. To build an ecosystem, it can be very expensive and time-consuming, and it is certainly better to take a more evolutionary route, to bootstrap, leverage and to stand on the shoulders of giants,” said Wei-Chao Chen, co-founder of Skywatch. “Software improvements beget hardware changes, and vice versa. I think we are at the onset of smart home services, and software is the primary limiting factor where the battles would be carried out.”

Nick Evans, CEO of Tile, thinks it is worth it. In a talk at the 2014 International CES, Evan says: “It's very challenging to develop a product like [Tile], but at the end of the day, you have your teams working very closely together. If you can't do this mechanically, we'll figure out a way to do this in software; in software if that's going to be kind of clunky to set it up, we'll put a button on [the device]. We'll make the button very hard to see on the Tile, but it's actually still there.

“This is the direction everything's going: to not have everything so modular, to not throw stuff over the fence and have this integration. It's the only way you can really build fantastic, magical products that just work. It's definitely worth it at the end of the day,” Evans added.

Touch panel vs. Smartphone app
It was only a few years ago that integrators and end users needed a dedicated touch panel to control home automation systems. Apple's introduction of the iPad and the subsequent explosion of tablets has made it much more affordable to add a touch screen panel to a home automation system. They are also much more convenient due to their support for general purpose computing and multitasking capabilities.

However, users have also come to expect certain standards when it comes to user interfaces. In terms of user experience, a good user experience goes beyond UI design. It encompasses hardware functionality and pleasing aesthetics to allow users to take full advantage of their devices in a satisfactory way. While gimmicks and eye- catching designs may attract users at first, it is not enough to retain customers.

“Good UI/UX is important for customer retention, and to attract customer attention. Good UI/UX can also reduce RMA and customer support loading. In short, very important. I don't think manufacturers are getting them wrong, just that they are not evolving quickly enough,” Chen said. “The only way to nail down UI/UX issues, we think, is to go directly to the consumers. Crowdfunded startups seem to be doing fairly well in particular because the successful ones learn to present their products in a consumer-friendly way, an essential factor in order to achieve successful funding threshold.”

“In terms of interoperability, for end users, an open API is often not relevant as long as the whole solution works well together. This means either a system integrator or a solution provider needs to create a workable solution for the customers. We see that it has become increasingly difficult for system integrators to provide such solutions because of technical complexities and UX considerations,” Chen continued. “That is why we think MVaaS or companies that can facilitate and package these solutions as products have higher values going forward. My view is, if you are providing solutions, an open API is often not necessary. On the other hand, for component suppliers (such as camera vendors), open APIs are usually unavoidable.”

Reaching for the cloud
There are obvious benefits to hooking up appliances to the Internet. An air purifier can pull data from the internet to inform users of what to wear and if they should worry about certain pollutants. Utilities can monitor energy and water usage to operate more efficiently. Users can control their appliances from wherever they are. Device makers can push updates to offer users new features. Limitless possibilities arise when connecting a home appliance to a vast jungle of data and information and also to other users.

For example, home security cameras benefit greatly from the ubiquitous connectivity and smartphones of today. The problem with traditional security cameras, both CCTV and network cameras, is that local storage is easily tampered with if the intruder knows where to look. Whether images are stored in an SD card on the camera or a hidden NVR or NAS, the intruder has the opportunity to destroy evidence. There are many cases where security footage was not able to assist in solving the crime because the intruder had already removed or formatted the hard drive or SD card, as is often the case for inside jobs, said David Lim, CTO of Weltin Global.

Having off-site backups is best practice for any type of data, but that option may be too much trouble or too expensive for some users. That is why cloud-enabled home security products are so attractive. In terms of security, all images are stored safely in the cloud, so users do not have to worry about missing critical moments due to hardware failure or tampering. Users can also view live video via apps on PC or mobile devices.

The dropping prices of cloud computing platforms provided by the likes of Amazon, Google and Microsoft has made it much easier for camera makers to offer users the option to backup security footage to the cloud, Lim said. Weltin builds its cloud services on top of the infrastructure of IBM and Google, which removes a huge burden in terms of up-front investment, as well as security and reliability.

“I see more pros than cons by using IaaS services to deploy cloud video services. It allows us to go to many markets faster than building our own infrastructure, and is therefore more cost efficient for fragmented markets in particular,” Chen said. “It could be marginally more expensive at scale, but at that point there is no real trouble switching to IDC or co-located solutions. There is no differences in terms of data security between using IDCs and IaaS solutions.”

Connectivity raises security concerns
As the number of connect devices in the home increase, and as they replace “dumb” devices that play a critical role in home safety and security, the security of these devices has become a pressing issue. The Edward Snowden revelations significantly grew awareness of government spying and issues regarding privacy in the digital age, but the problems go much deeper. Criminals and other parties with malicious intent now have a much wider playground with the multitude of connected devices. This was not a big deal before now, but the number of devices and the role they play in a home has increased the threat level exponentially. And it is only going to get worse. “Users demand the functionality. Users increasingly want more control over their devices, so turning traditional hardware appliances into IoT ones becomes a market trend,” said Frank Tse, researcher at Nexusguard. “Users also demand fast response and live data, which requires adding internet connection and turn the device into an always-on Internet client.”

Proofpoint, a security solution provider, found earlier this year that cyber criminals were using household IoT devices— including home-networking routers, connected multi-media centers, televisions and at least one refrigerator—to launch attacks. Belkin's WeMo line of smart home products were revealed to have vulnerabilities that left 500,000 users at risk. In March, researchers found that more than 300,000 routers were compromised by malware that modified DNS settings. The recent Heartbleed bug that affects some versions of OpenSSL defeats encryption. Just this month, Sans Institute researchers infected video surveillance DVRs with Bitcoin- mining malware.

“Bot-nets are already a major security concern and the emergence of thingbots may make the situation much worse,” David Knight, General Manager of Proofpoint's Information Security division said in a statement. “Many of these devices are poorly protected at best and consumers have virtually no way to detect or fix infections when they do occur. Enterprises may find distributed attacks increasing as more and more of these devices come online and attackers find additional ways to exploit them.”

Networking appliances and other devices is an old concept, but has not been implemented on a massive scale until recent years. Since security is often not a priority in the product development process, manufacturers are content running older versions of software, which may have known vulnerabilities or have weak security.

Users, however, are also at fault. “The security of smart home devices has so far been based on trusting manufactures, but users are the weakest link in security.” He recommends users to at least change the default passwords, turn off features they don't need, and configure their home router's firewall to allow access from trusted sources only.

Asked if it is good enough to rely on the goodwill of manufacturers to make more secure devices, Tse's response was blunt: “Never.” Whether it is due to a lack of understanding the risks, a lack of resources to implement adequate security, or sheer laziness, device makers clearly need to step up their game. “Manufacturers are recommended to turn off web-enabled features by default for some types of devices, such as refrigerators and air conditioners. This will make users aware they are turning on one feature of that device and the risks it may entail,” Tse said. “Manufactures are also recommended to do data classification and implement necessary countermeasures, such as encrypting data and storing it on servers rather than locally.”

Usability is key
Generally, consumers choose products that have an advantage in price, design, and usability, in this order, Chen said. “Usability comes later, and as it is the viral factor, I think it is ultimately the most important factor. To this end, price needs to go down to a certain level before mass market adoption, but the cheapest products almost never win, unless they have become obvious commodities.” Consumers are very cost sensitive, but a good design turns the game around, he added.

Latest HD-over-coax solutions give new life to analog

Latest HD-over-coax solutions give new life to analog

Editor / Provider: Alf Chang,a&s Consultant | Updated: 5/21/2014 | Article type: Tech Corner

While IP-based video surveillance is becoming the dominant way of rendering high-quality video images, analog monitoring systems that transmit signals over good-ol' coaxial cables are not losing their grip, thanks to a series of newly-invented image enhancing HD-over-coax solutions.

Inevitable and unstoppable as the trend of IP surveillance may seem, shipments of analog video surveillance products still account for over 60 percent of the global market. In addition, the need to improve image quality while maintaining existing coaxial cable deployment is also strong. This has led the analog camp to come up with new ideas and solutions in terms of yielding better image quality. The latest HD-over-coax solutions include 960H, HD-SDI, ccHDtv, HD-MDI, HDCVI, and 800TV Lines (TVL) HD analog solutions. Among all solutions available, 800TVL HD analog solution is the most discussed and the most popular one in the analog arena. Chipset suppliers in Taiwan, China and Korea are all joining the fray, vying for a share in a market that is full of opportunities. In the following, we focus on the latest update of some particular solutions, which gained the limelight in 2014.

Sony has combined its Enhanced Features and Fine Image Processor, Effio DSP, with traditional CCD image sensors and boosting the analog image resolution Solutions to 960H. Images produced by the solution are not only high in definition, but also high in S/N ratio and color rendition.

Effio DSPs are compatible with 480K/570K CCD image sensors of both NTSC/PAL systems. When used in conjunction with WDR CCD sensors, video cameras using the solution can produce crisper and sharper images in the setting of back light and extreme light, compared to traditional analog cameras.

The combination of Effio DSPs and CCD sensors can produce over 650TVL of horizontal resolution, even up to 700TVL sometimes. Video images created by the solution excel in color saturation and in brightness, compared with traditional analog cameras. The built-in 2D and 3D digital noise reduction of Effio DSP decreases dynamic noises of images in low light environments and increases image clarity. The solution also enhances image clarity both in the dark and when objects are moving.

Without having to alter existing deployments of cables, the solution is regarded as the most viable way of reaching high-resolution images for analog cameras. The solution has postponed the demise of analog surveillance systems and has prevented it from being phased out of market too soon.

 Comparison of HD-over-coax Solutions source: a&s






HD Analog


Camera components







Image format

Analog high resolution

Analog high definition

Analog high definition

Analog high definition

Analog high definition

Broadcasting high definition





1080P@30 FPS

800 TVL


Compatibility with existing systems




Switch required



Technical complexity







Transmission distance (M) without repeater (5C-2V)







Transmission media

Coaxial cable

Coaxial cable

Coaxial cable

Twisted pair

Coaxial cable

Coaxial cable























960H DVR




960H DVR
















Related article: New generation 960H cams: Looks better, works better and less noisy

Dahua Technology has developed a high-resolution composite video interface (HDCVI) by combining CMOS sensors with ISP. Based on the transmission technology of HD images over coaxial cables, the HDCVI technology is a solution that improves analog image resolutions and produces high-definition progressive scan images.

HDCVI released its first white paper, version 0.50, on July 31st, 2012, and its newest version 1.00 on November 15th, 2012. The white paper specified that HDCVI is applicable to two HD video formats: 720P (1280 X 720) and 1080P (1920×1080), which is similar to 700 to 750 TVL.

HDCVI uses point-to-point transmission of coaxial cables to produce uncompressed megapixel analog video images, without delay and without compromising image quality. The solution can transmit HD analog video images up to 500 meters over a SYV-75-5 video coaxial cable, breaking the distance limit of HD analog video image transmission. The HDCVI solution also synchronizes audio signals and demonstrates real-time, by-directional control of signals.

One of the biggest strengths of HDCVI is there is no need to change existing cable deployment where high-definition analog images are made possible. It also overcomes the 100-meter transmission constraint encountered by HD-SDI and IP Camera (IPC). HDCVI's noise resistant feature ensures quality transmission of high-definition images and prevents problems on vertical synchronizing and lost frames.

iTE Tech, a semiconductor manufacturer, has developed a ccHDtv solution based on the concept of digital TV transmissions. The system can transmit high-definition video images over coaxial cables, twisted pairs, and even over-the-air.

The ccHDtv solution allows transmission of multiple 1080P images at 30fps or 1080P at 60fps videos over a single 3C2V/5C2V cable, with a maximum transmission distance of 500 meters, without adding any repeaters.

The solution employs DTV technologies such as DVB-T, ISDB-T, and ATSC standards and solves bandwidth and storage problems faced by traditional analog CCTVs in the past. It has been a worldwide trend for DTV to replace CVBS analog TVs. DTV technologies such as DVB-T, ISDB-T, and ATSC all provide sturdy and ideal structures for transmission of HD video images.

The ccHDtv solution adopts DTV technology that is strong in audio and video transmissions. DTV technology solves the problem of insufficient bandwidth when transmitting multi-channel HD images that plagued traditional CCTV systems before. The technology also eliminates storage problems at the same time. Installation and operation of ccHDtv resemble those of traditional CCTV systems, making it easy for analog surveillance systems to transmit and store HD video images.

For those surveillance system end-users who are skeptical of IP network stability and for those who wish to maintain analog cable systems, ccHDtv has provided a shortcut to achieve high quality images.

Based on twisted pair, HD-MDI transmits high-definition audio and video content using a structure that is similar to that of traditional analog surveillance systems. HD-MDI products include HD-MDI high-definition cameras, HD-MDI repeaters, HD-MDI DVRs, HD-MDI audio video capture cards, HD-MDI Optical, and HD-MDI matrixes.

The solution uses a unshielded twisted pair (UTP), 720P CMOS sensors and ISP, without compressing the images, in order to achieve real-time monitoring without delay. The uncompressed method of transmission also allows HD-MDI to transmit video signals over CAT5 or CAT6 network cables without additional cost on cabling and switches.

HD signals of video cameras can be transmitted hundreds of meters away and directly to the back encoder, which processes dual or multistreaming. Compared to other IP and HD-SDI products, which do all the video processing in cameras, the HD-MDI solution can be cost-saving. In addition, HD-MDI uses point-to-point connection and has a simple structure with no operating system. Therefore, it is easier for the solution to achieve more compact sizes and less power consuming cameras than HD IP-based ones.

While traditional analog surveillance cameras are built on CCDs and DSPs, some vendors have combined high-definition CMOS sensors with DSPs and have created image resolutions up to 700~1000 TVLs. This is by far the latest and the most popular analog upgrading solution, as well as the best one. CMOS sensors can be sourced from Aptina, Pixelplus, OmniVision, and SONY. Fullhan Microelectronics, Sonix Technology, and Nextchip, on the other hand, supply DSPs that can be used to achieve this aim.


The combination of 1.3-megapixel CMOS sensors and DSPs can increase resolution to at least 800 TVLs. It also improves sense-up function at night. The solution can achieve nearly 100 percent color retention and accuracy without color bias. It also produces 720p progressive scan images at 60 frames per second and can provide images with no motion blur when objects move in a high-temperature environment.

These five solutions are evidence that the need for analog systems to upgrade to high-definition images has created a hotly contested market. And high-definition video images have been made possible while coaxial cables remain unchanged. These solutions have provided users with more options and have added more years to analog surveillance systems.


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